Types of tea

Different styles of tea are created by varying the contours and chemistry of the Camellia sinensis leaf. Prosaically called “processing”, the leaves undergo five phases; some teas not requiring all of them, others requiring a repetition of the steps. Tea is created by

Plucking the leaves

, then allowing them to


, after which they are


to mould their shape and wring out their juices. The leaves are then


, where the cell walls are broken apart after exposure to oxygen and the resulting compounds lend flavor and aroma to the tea leaves. Oxidation is the most crucial process because it defines the class of tea. Lastly, tea leaves are

fired or dried

to create the tea we sip on lazy afternoons.

Types of teas

White Tea in Bangalore

White Tea

White Tea is essentially unprocessed tea. It is made from the buds of the tea bush. To produce white tea, the buds are plucked and allowed to dry. It really is that simple. There is a certain degree of natural oxidation during air-drying of leaves, resulting in a variation in the color from pale green to light brown or yellow. White tea has the most subtle aroma and flavor.

Green Tea Shop in Delhi

Green Tea

Encompassing a plethora of health benefits, Green Tea is plucked, withered and rolled. The application of heat during rolling thwarts oxidation. The fresh leaves are heated to a temperature high enough to prevent browning of leaves. Curling the leaves by hand on the side of the wok gives it different flavors and aromas. The liquor of green tea is usually green or yellow and its flavors range from toasty to a slight vegetable-like astringency.

Oolong Tea in Pune

Oolong Tea

One of the most time-consuming teas to create is Oolong Tea. It utilizes all five steps repeatedly, and the tea can be oxidized anywhere from 8%-80%. The leaves are rolled and then allowed to rest and naturally oxidize. This process is repeated over many hours or days, creating an exquisite layering of aroma and flavor.
Oolongs typically have much more complex flavor than Green or White teas, with very smooth, soft astringency and rich in floral or fruity flavors. Because of their smooth yet rich flavor profiles, Oolongs are ideal for those new to tea drinking.

Black Tea Hyderabad

Black Tea

Black Tea also utilizes all five basic steps, but is allowed to oxidize more completely. Also, the steps are followed in a very linear form; they are generally not repeated on a single batch. The tea is completely made within a day.
The brewed liquor of a Black tea ranges between dark brown and deep red. Black teas offer the strongest flavors and, in some cases, greatest astringency. Black teas, particularly those from India and Sri Lanka, are regularly drunk with milk and sugar and are the most popular bases for iced tea. 

Herbal Teas/ Tisanes Chennai

Herbal Teas/ Tisanes

A confusing attribute of tea is that many of the beverages that are called "tea" are actually not tea. Herbal teas, termed as Tisanes are usually dried flowers, fruits or herbs steeped in boiling water (no actual tea leaves are included). They are consumed for medicinal reasons or as a caffeine-free alternative.